The thyroid is a butterfly-shaped gland located at the base of the neck. It produces hormones that regulate every aspect of our metabolism, from heart rate to how quickly we burn calories. During a lifetime, the thyroid can develop solid or fluid-filled lumps called nodules. Most of these are noncancerous and cause no symptoms. But a small percentage are cancerous.
More than 48,000 Americans are diagnosed each year with thyroid cancer, with incidence three times more common in women than in men. There are four types of thyroid cancer: papillary, follicular, medullary and anaplastic. The differentiated thyroid carcinomas (papillary and follicular) are the most common type and grow slowly thus having the best outcome. While many patients with early stage cancer are cured by removing the thyroid, there are no viable treatment options for patients with advanced disease.
Thyroid cancer is the most common endocrine cancer with the fastest growing incidence rate in both men and women
Thyroid cancer is one of the few cancers with an increase in incidence rates over recent yearsThyroid cancer has become the 5th most common cancer in womenThe American Cancer Society estimates there will be around 48,020 new cases of thyroid cancer in the U.S. in 2011. Of these new cases, about 36,550 will occur in women and about 11,470 will occur in menAbout 1,740 people will die of thyroid cancer in 2011
Mission: REACT Thyroid Foundation, a 501(c)(3) public charity, is dedicated to creating awareness for thyroid cancer and raising funds to support research for new treatment options and ultimately find a cure.